In order for a veteran to be eligible for Aid and Attendance benefits, which can be used for senior home care support services, there are various stipulations (requirements, if you will) that need to be met. One of those requirements involves their time in service.
In order to be eligible for the Aid and Attendance Benefit, a veteran needs to have served in one of the major branches of the United States military. At least one day of their active duty service needs to have overlapped a time in which the United States was officially engaged in conflict somewhere around the world. These four periods of conflict defined by Congress include World War II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Era, and the Gulf War.
If a senior veteran served any time during World War II, the Korean Conflict, or the Vietnam Era, as they are referred to by the federal government, they need to have served a minimum of 90 days active duty. If they served any time during the Gulf War, their minimum time service needs to have been two years.
The period of time defining World War II starts on December 7, 1941 and goes through December 31, 1946. The period of time defining the Korean Conflict starts on June 27, 1950 and goes through January 31, 1955. The period of time defining the Vietnam Era starts on August 5, 1964 and goes through May 7, 1975. However, if a veteran was serving “in country” before August 5, 1964, then the period of time defining this era of conflict begins February 28, 1961, but still goes through May 7, 1975. The period of time defining the Gulf War starts on August 2, 1990 and currently there is no end date, which means it is awaiting a Presidential Proclamation or legislation formally ending this conflict.
What does ‘active conflict’ mean for veterans and Aid and Attendance eligibility?
There are a few questions many veterans might have when the requirements for Aid and Attendance eligibility refer to ‘active conflict.’ This essentially means their time of service has to overlap a period of time in which United States was actively engaged in conflict, but that does not mean the veteran needs to have served in a direct conflict situation.
For example, a veteran may have served during the Vietnam War, but was stationed in Africa or on an aircraft carrier thousands of miles away from this conflict. If their time of service overlapped that period between August 5, 1964 through May 7, 1975, they would qualify, based on that provision alone.